How It Works: Check Valves

04 Jan.,2023


Dual Plate Check Valve Manufacturer


Swing (tilting-disc) check valves consist of a clapper with a disc that is convex on the upstream inlet side and flat on the downstream outlet side. For API Spec 600 valves, this disc swings on a hinge that is mounted to the bottom of the valve bonnet. For API Spec 6D valves, the typical construction is a cast pocket in the valve body with a drop-in shaft or pin-and-bushing arrangement that the clapper will turn on. This type of construction requires some sort of restraint to keep the clapper in the pocket. The new design features improved modularity and facilitates easier assembly, enabling different configurations to be assembled with a base design.

Nozzle (axial flow) check valves have a spring-loaded disc that translates horizontally. The spring allows for a nonslam design in that the effects of water hammer are eliminated. These are designed to be in the full open position, even at minimum flow rate, to ensure performance. Nozzle check valves can be installed in both buried and above-grade applications and are ideal for gas applications.

Ball check valves include a spherical ball clapper that is sometimes spring loaded to seal at pressures below the cracking pressure. Because of the spherical design, these valves can easily wear from prolonged use and require frequent maintenance; therefore, they should be installed in places that are easy for repair teams to access.

Diaphragm check valves consist of a rubber diaphragm clapper that flexes open when the pressure on the upstream side is greater than the pressure on the downstream side and closes when this pressure is equalized or lowered below a set pressure differential.

Stop check valves are usually constructed similar to a swing check valve but have an additional external control mechanism—such as an actuator, lever, or handwheel—that enables the valve to be deliberately closed regardless of flow pressure.

Duckbill valves enable flow to proceed through a soft tube that feeds into the downstream side of the valve wherein backpressure collapses the tube and cuts off the flow.


The main advantage of a check valve is its simple design. Generally, check valves also are smaller and easier to install compared with other valve types, making maintenance easier and more efficient. Check valves can be designed with specific nonslam features to reduce noise and seal wear. ENTECH nozzle check valves are commonly selected for this feature in LNG pump stations and gas compressor stations. Additionally, because of their simple, streamlined design, TOM WHEATLEY check valves and ENTECH check valves have lower pressure drops (less than 1 psi) than comparable piston check valves.